We have performed a quantum-chemical MP2/6-31G* calculation for the hemagglutinin (HA) antigen-antibody system of the H3N2 influenza virus with the fragment molecular orbital method, which provides one of the world's largest ab initio electron-correlated calculations for biomolecular systems. On the basis of the calculated interfragment interaction energies (IFIEs) representing the molecular interactions between the amino acid residues in the antigen-antibody complex, we have identified those residues in the antigenic region E of HA protein that are significantly recognized by the Fab fragment of antibody with strongly attractive interactions. Combining these IFIE results with those of hemadsorption experiments by which the mutation-prohibited sites are specified has enabled us to explain most of the historical mutation data (five of six residues), which would thus provide a promising method for predicting the HA residues that have a high probability of forthcoming mutation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry