Possibility for obtaining bioactive glass-ionomer cements

M. Kamitakahara, M. Kawashita, T. Kokubo, T. Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Glass-ionomer cements, which consist of CaO-CaF2-Al2O3-SiO2 glass powders and polyalkenoic acid, such as polyacrylic acid (PAA) aqueous solution, are widely used in dentistry, because of their fast setting ability without shrinkage and significant temperature increase, as well as high mechanical strength. However, they do not show bone-bonding ability, i.e. bioactivity. In the present study, and the possibility for obtaining bioactive glass-ionomer cements was fundamentally investigated. For this purpose, the effect of PAA on the apatite formation on bioactive ceramics in a simulated body fluid was investigated. It was revealed that even a small amount of PAA inhibits the apatite formation in the body environment. It is speculated that when the glass-ionomer cements are implanted into the body, PAA is released from the glass-ionomer cements and inhibits the apatite formation on their surfaces, as far as glass-ionomer cements are composed of PAA. Therefore, it is considered to be difficult to obtain bioactive glass-ionomer cements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-704
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume192-195
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1
Event13th international Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine (BIOCERAMICS) - Bologna, Italy
Duration: 2000 Nov 222000 Nov 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Possibility for obtaining bioactive glass-ionomer cements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Kamitakahara, M., Kawashita, M., Kokubo, T., & Nakamura, T. (2001). Possibility for obtaining bioactive glass-ionomer cements. Key Engineering Materials, 192-195, 701-704.