TY - JOUR

T1 - Position sensorless speed estimation in switched reluctance motor drive with direct torque control-inductance vector angle based approach

AU - Kucuk, Fuat

AU - Goto, Hiroki

AU - Guo, Hai Jiao

AU - Ichinokura, Osamu

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Feedback signals of rotor speed and motor torque are essential in most of Switched Reluctance (SR) motor control applications. An SR motor has highly nonlinear characteristic that does not allow to be modeled by simple equations. In Direct Torque Control (DTC) drive, which enables easy control of torque ripple in the SR motor, position sensor is employed to obtain the feedback signals. Position sensor causes DTC drive not only less reliable but also more expensive. Estimation of feedback signals is required in order to eliminate position sensor. This paper concerns about sensorless speed estimation under the DTC condition and presents a simple method. Simple sensorless speed estimation is proposed based on inductance vector angle. The inductance vector angle is obtained by applying α - β transformation to the phase inductances. A relay triggers a speed calculation circuit according to its band limits and the inductance vector angle. Inside the circuit, triggering time is kept in a memory until the next triggering. Rotor pole pitch is divided by the time difference between two consecutive triggerings. Finally the estimation circuit outputs the rotor speed. Sensorless speed estimation is simulated and verified experimentally to show its validity.

AB - Feedback signals of rotor speed and motor torque are essential in most of Switched Reluctance (SR) motor control applications. An SR motor has highly nonlinear characteristic that does not allow to be modeled by simple equations. In Direct Torque Control (DTC) drive, which enables easy control of torque ripple in the SR motor, position sensor is employed to obtain the feedback signals. Position sensor causes DTC drive not only less reliable but also more expensive. Estimation of feedback signals is required in order to eliminate position sensor. This paper concerns about sensorless speed estimation under the DTC condition and presents a simple method. Simple sensorless speed estimation is proposed based on inductance vector angle. The inductance vector angle is obtained by applying α - β transformation to the phase inductances. A relay triggers a speed calculation circuit according to its band limits and the inductance vector angle. Inside the circuit, triggering time is kept in a memory until the next triggering. Rotor pole pitch is divided by the time difference between two consecutive triggerings. Finally the estimation circuit outputs the rotor speed. Sensorless speed estimation is simulated and verified experimentally to show its validity.

KW - Direct torque control

KW - Inductance vector angle

KW - Sensorless speed estimation

KW - Switched reluctance motor

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:72949108281

VL - 128

SP - 5+533-538

JO - IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials

JF - IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials

SN - 0385-4205

IS - 8

ER -