Population dynamics of Marginopora kudakajimensis Gudmundsson (Foraminifera: Soritidae) in the Ryukyu Islands, the subtropical northwest Pacific

Kazuhiko Fujita, Hiroshi Nishi, Tsunemasa Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The population dynamics of Marginopora kudakajimensis Gudmundsson, a dinoflagellate endosymbiont-bearing soritid foraminifer, was studied in the Ryukyu Islands, the subtropical northwest Pacific. Macroalgal samples were collected monthly between November 1995 and November 1996 at a 1-m-deep lagoonal site colonized by this species. Monthly variations in the size-frequency distributions and population density indicate that this foraminiferal population replaces itself in one year. Asexual reproduction occurs twice a year, in late spring and winter; in late spring, some of the adult individuals reproduce by multiple fission simultaneously. As a result, two cohorts (a late spring and a winter cohort) are found in the population during a year. Life span of the former cohort is up to one year, while that of the latter cohort is up to six months. Megalospheric specimens comprise up to 99% of the population with a few microspheric individuals throughout the year. The life tables and survivorship curves revealed that size-specific mortality rates were very low during the first several size classes and increased thereafter, indicating low juvenile mortality with high mortality later in life. The carbonate production rate by this Marginopora population is approximately 5 kg CaCO3 m-2 yr-1, which is extremely higher than those reported for other larger foraminiferal species. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-284
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Micropaleontology
Volume38
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbonate production
  • Larger foraminifera
  • NW Pacific
  • Population dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology

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