Background. Although platelet activating factor (PAF) is an important vasoactive substance released from activated leukocytes, platelets and endothelial cells, little is known about its effect at the inflammatory coronary lesions in vivo. Objective. To examine the coronary vasomotor responses to PAF at the inflammatory lesions in our swine model with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in vivo. Methods. Under aseptic conditions, the proximal segment of the porcine left coronary artery was dissected and wrapped with cotton mesh absorbing IL-1β. Two weeks after the operation, coronary vasomotion in response to intracoronary administration of 0.3 and 1 μg/kg PAF, 1, 3, and 10 μg/kg serotonin, 1, 3 and 10 μg/kg histamine, and 5 and 50 μg/kg prostaglandin F(2α) was examined by coronary arteriography. Results. At the IL-1β-treated site, PAF, serotonin and histamine, but not prostaglandin F(2α), caused hyperconstriction (n = 8). A synergy of the vasoconstricting effects of PAF and serotonin was also noted (n = 6). Administration of TCV-309, a selective PAF receptor antagonist, abolished the hyperconstrictive responses to PAF but not those to other agonists (n = 6). The PAF-induced coronary hyperconstrictions were significantly inhibited by administrations of the protein kinase C inhibitors staurosporine and sphingosine, but not by administrations of ryanodine, thapsigargin, or indomethacin (n = 4 each). Conclusions. These results indicate that PAF causes hyperconstriction at the inflammatory coronary lesions in vivo by itself as well as in a synergistic manner with serotonin and that the PAF-induced hyperconstrictions are substantially mediated by a protein kinase C dependent pathway in vivo.
- Coronary artery spasm
- Platelet activating factor
- Protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine