Platinum concentration in a murine solid tumor treated with proton therapy combined with the platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloro-platinum(II) (CDDP)] was investigated with conventional and submilli-PIXE (particle-induced X-ray emission) analyses. An enhanced therapeutic effect on tumor growth was observed in NFSa fibrosarcoma tumors in mice when proton therapy with a single dose of 30 Gy and CDDP treatment (10 mg/kg) were combined. The conventional PIXE analysis based on an internal standard method showed that the platinum concentration was 2.6 ± 0.3 μg/g for the tumor samples excised from the mice 6 h after the CDDP administration. The submilli-PIXE analysis of the tumor sections showed that spatial distribution of CDDP may be more or less uniform in the tumor.
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