Pitch deviation measurement of an involute spur gear by a rotary profiling system

Bin Xu, Yuki Shimizu, So Ito, Wei Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents surface-profiling based gear pitch deviation measurement for an involute spur gear. A rotary profiling system, which consists of an air-bearing spindle and a displacement sensor with a diamond stylus, is employed to measure gear pitch deviation. In measurement of gear pitch deviation, an eccentric error between a gear axis and a motion axis of the rotary stage in the profiling system would affect accuracy of gear profile measurement. In this paper, at first, the influence of the eccentric error on measurement of gear pitch deviation is estimated in computer simulation based on a geometric model of the profiling system. After that, a new scanning method named "opposite-direction dual scanning method" is proposed so that a steep profile of gear flank surface with a local slope of up to 90° can be measured by the developed rotary profiling system. For compensating distortions in the measured gear tooth profile, which are induced not only by the eccentric error but also by a probe offset introduced by the proposed scanning method, a self-calibration and compensation method is applied. To verify the feasibility of the proposed method, measurement of gear pitch deviation of a master involute spur gear with a certificate data is carried out. Measurement uncertainty of the proposed method is also analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalPrecision Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1


  • Eccentricity
  • Involute gear
  • Measurement
  • Pitch deviation
  • Profilometry
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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