Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) plays a protective role against atherosclerosis. Although serum PEDF level is increased in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD), the pathophysiological role of PEDF in HD patients is unknown. We measured serum PEDF levels in 74 HD patients, and the association between serum PEDF and adverse events such as all-cause death and cardiovascular accident was evaluated prospectively. During the follow up of 45.4±25.1 months, 24 patients (32.4%) experienced cardiovascular accident and 18 (24.3%) died. Significantly higher incidences of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular accident were observed in the lower PEDF group than in the higher PEDF group. After adjusting for propensity score calculated from multiple confounding factors (age, gender, systolic blood pressure, history of previous cardiovascular disease, level of carbonyl content, albumin, hemoglobin, total cholesterol, creatinine, C-reactive protein, dialysis vintage, Kt/V-urea and history of diabetes), lower predialytic PEDF was a significant risk factor for all-cause mortality (relative hazard=6.060, standard error=0.68467, P=0.0085). Lower levels of predialytic PEDF was associated with an increased risk of mortality.
- Cardiovascular disease
- Oxidative stress
- Pigment epithelium-derived factor
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