Physiological basis and clinical significance of left ventricular suction studied using echo-dynamography

Motonao Tanaka, Tsuguya Sakamoto, Shigeo Sugawara, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Takeyoshi Kameyama, Haruna Tabuchi, Yoshiaki Katahira, Shigeo Ohtsuki, Hiroshi Kanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The existence as well as the exact genesis of left ventricular suction during rapid filling phase have been controversial. In the present study, we aimed at resolution of this problem using noninvasive and sophisticated ultrasonic methods. The clinical meaning was also documented. Methods: Ten healthy male volunteers were examined by 2D echocardiography and echo-dynamography which enables us to obtain detailed instantaneous data of blood flow and wall motion simultaneously from the wide range of the left ventricle. The correlation of blood flow and wall motion was also studied. Results: Rapid ventricular filling was divided into 2 phases which had different physiology. The early half (early rapid filling: ERF) showed the effect which was alike drawing a piston. This was proved by the shape of the velocity of inflow and the basal muscle contraction which actively assisted extension of the relaxed apical and central parts of the left ventricle, giving the negative pressure which causes the ventricular suction. The later half (late rapid filling: LRF) showed the turning of the fundamental flow and the squeezed basal part just like the sphincter in addition to the expansion of the apical and central portions of the left ventricle, and all of these cooperatively augmented the suction effect. Conclusion: Ventricular suction does exist to help ventricular filling. Simultaneous appearance of the contraction in the basal part and the relaxation or extension in the apical part during the post-ejection transitional period was made to occur the suction in the LV. And it can be said that the suction appeared in the late stage of systole as the one of the serial systolic phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-244
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of cardiology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov

Keywords

  • Blood flow structure
  • Echo-dynamography
  • Rapid filling phase
  • Strain rate
  • Third heart sound
  • Ventricular suction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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