Purpose: Few studies have assessed physical and psychological status in long-term survivors of childhood solid tumors in Japan. For children with such diseases diagnosed and treated in our hospital, our purpose was to clarify the physical and psychological status of long-term survivors and their parents. Methods: Subjects were 56 patients who were diagnosed at our institution as having a childhood malignant solid tumor between 1982 and 2005 and had been alive for at least 5 years after treatment. Surveys were sent and returned by mail. Results: Of the 56 patients surveyed, 32 responded. The current health condition and psychosocial status of survivors were evaluated as good by their parents. However, psychological tests revealed psychosocial problems in 28.1% of the children. Severe posttraumatic stress associated with the child's disease and its treatment was present in 15.6% of the parents. Conclusion: Physical status of long-term survivors of childhood malignant solid tumors was good in general. However, psychological tests revealed psychosocial problems in some of the children and posttraumatic stress in the parents. Considering the diversity of both the diseases and their clinical course, a qualitative study is warranted for further analysis.
- Childhood malignant solid tumor
- Late effect
- Long-term survivors
- Psychological problems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health