Phylogenetic analysis of caprellid and corophioid amphipods (crustacea) based on the 18S rRNA gene, with special emphasis on the phylogenetic position of phtisicidae

Atsushi Ito, Hiroshi Wada, Masakazu N. Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Members of the amphipod suborder Caprellidea exhibit degenerated abdomens and pereopods 3 and 4. Some genera of Podoceridae (Gammaridea, Corophioidea) such as Dulichia also show reduced abdomens and pereopods and thus are generally regarded as a sister group of the Caprellidea. In addition, one of the caprellid families, the Caprogammaridae, exhibits abdominal segments that are similar to those of the podocerids, as well as rudimentary pereopods 3 and 4, which are more consistent with those of other caprellids. Therefore, an evolutionary scheme has been suggested on the basis of the gradual degeneration of the pereopods and abdomen: [Dulichia, (caprogammarids, caprellids)]. However, the Phtisicidae (Caprellidea) contradict this hypothesis because they exhibit well-developed pereopods 3 and 4, along with degenerated abdomens. Therefore, previous studies have suggested that the Phtisicidae and other caprellids may be polyphyletic. We examined the phylogenetic position of the Phtisicidae and other caprellid amphipods, using 18S rRNA gene sequence data. The results strongly indicate that the Phtisicidae and other caprellid families form a monophyletic clade. However, a close phylogenetic relationship among Dulichia (Corophioidea) and taxa belonging to the Caprellidea was not definitively supported. This study is the first to use molecular data to investigate the phylogenetic relationships among the Caprellidea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-183
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Bulletin
Volume214
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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