The attribution of the extraordinary blue shift for the intramolecular charge-transfer absorption band of fluorenone radical anion solvated in protic media was investigated by means of photodetachment spectroscopy of the gas-phase anions microsolvated with methanol, in conjunction with quantum chemical calculations based on density functional theory. Sequential shifts of the vertical detachment energy as a function of the cluster size are consistent with theoretical predictions, where up to two methanol molecules can directly attach to the carbonyl group. In the photodetachment excitation spectra as alternatives to the photoabsorption spectra, with increasing cluster size, a new absorption band grows in the higher-energy region, which coincides with the blue-shifted band in protic media. Spectral simulations using time-dependent density functional theory with the CAM-B3LYP functional reproduced the feature of the phenomenon. Analyses on the electronic configuration elucidated that the extraordinarily blue shifts originate from energy-level repulsion due to solvation-induced resonant coupling with another electronic state. The orbital transition for the counterpart state corresponds to the first absorption band of the neutral fluorenone molecule, which has small oscillator strength from the ground state. It was found that correction of long-range electron exchange correlation is important for the spectral simulation involving the electronic-state coupling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry