We study the photoinduced magnetic transition in an itinerant magnet described by the double-exchange model, in which conduction electrons couple with localized spins through the ferromagnetic (FM) Hund coupling. It is shown that intense light applied to the FM ground state induces an antiferromagnetic (AFM) order, in contrast to the AFM-to-FM transition due to the photocarrier injection. In particular, we focus on the mechanism for instability of the FM structure by the light irradiation. The magnon spectrum in the Floquet state is formulated on the basis of the perturbative expansion of the Floquet Green's function. The magnon dispersion shows softening at momentum (π,π) in the square lattice with increasing the light amplitude, implying photoinduced AFM instability. This result is mainly attributed to a nonequilibrium electron distribution, which promotes low-energy Stoner excitations. The transient optical conductivity spectra characterized by interband excitations and Floquet sidepeaks are available to identify the photoinduced AFM state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics