(CuIn)xZn2(1-x)S2 solid solutions between a ZnS photocatalyst with a wide band gap and CuInS2 with a narrow band gap showed photocatalytic activities for H2 evolution from aqueous solutions containing sacrificial reagents SO32- and S2- under visible-light irradiation (λ ≥ 420 nm). Pt (0.5 wt %)-loaded (CuIn)0.09Zn1.82S2 with a 2.3-eV band gap showed the highest activity for H2 evolution, and the apparent quantum yield at 420 nm amounted to 12.5%. H2 evolved at a rate of 1.5 L h-1 m-2 under irradiation with a solar simulator (AM 1.5). Diffuse reflection and photoluminescence spectra of the solid solutions shifted monotonically to a long wavelength side, as the ratio of CuInS2 to ZnS increased in the solid solutions. The photocatalytic H2 evolution depended on the composition as well as the photophysical properties. DFT calculations suggested that the visible-light response should be derived from the contribution of Cu 3d and S 3p orbitals to the valence band and that of In 5s5p and Zn 4s4p orbitals to the conduction band, respectively. The contribution of these orbitals to the energy bands affected the photophysical and photocatalytic properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry