Phosphorus toxicity disrupts Rubisco activation and reactive oxygen species defence systems by phytic acid accumulation in leaves

Daisuke Takagi, Atsuko Miyagi, Youshi Tazoe, Mao Suganami, Maki Kawai-Yamada, Akihiro Ueda, Yuji Suzuki, Ko Noguchi, Naoki Hirotsu, Amane Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is an essential mineral nutrient for plants. Nevertheless, excessive P accumulation in leaf mesophyll cells causes necrotic symptoms in land plants; this phenomenon is termed P toxicity. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying P toxicity in plants have not yet been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of P toxicity in rice. We found that under excessive inorganic P (Pi) application, Rubisco activation decreased and photosynthesis was inhibited, leading to lipid peroxidation. Although the defence systems against reactive oxygen species accumulation were activated under excessive Pi application conditions, the Cu/Zn-type superoxide dismutase activities were inhibited. A metabolic analysis revealed that excessive Pi application led to an increase in the cytosolic sugar phosphate concentration and the activation of phytic acid synthesis. These conditions induced mRNA expression of genes that are activated under metal-deficient conditions, although metals did accumulate. These results suggest that P toxicity is triggered by the attenuation of both photosynthesis and metal availability within cells mediated by phytic acid accumulation. Here, we discuss the whole phenomenon of P toxicity, beginning from the accumulation of Pi within cells to death in land plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2033-2053
Number of pages21
JournalPlant Cell and Environment
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 1

Keywords

  • land plants
  • phosphorus
  • photosynthesis
  • phytic acid
  • plant nutrition
  • reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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