Phosphorus conventional use, reduction potential, and possibility of self-sufficiency during food and feed production in Japan

S. Mishima, K. Matsubae, S. D. Kimura, S. Eguchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Japanese agriculture uses huge amounts of phosphorus (P) for food and feed production. As a result, soil P fertility (soil test P, measured by the Truog method) has increased in the past 40 years. Because P is a limited, exhaustible resource, and agricultural P use should based on soil test P, effective use of P in agriculture is important. In this study, we estimated agricultural P flow and the possibility of chemical fertilizer reduction based on soil test P from one region's reduced input guidelines in 2000. Based on our estimation, chemical fertilizer application levels do not differ significantly over different soil test P levels. If chemical fertilizer application were cut based on soil test P, application could be reduced from 61.6 kg P ha-1 to 25.8 kg P ha-1 on average. Next, we estimated the non-utilized P resources in Japan. We focused on non-utilized livestock waste, food refuse, sewage sludge and iron slag as a promising P resource. The total P in these resources was estimated at 237 Gg P, comparable to conventional chemical fertilizer applications (276 Gg P), and enough self-sufficiency when chemical fertilizer application is reduced based on soil test P (115 Gg P). Reduction of the environmental impact (eutrophication potential) by reduced chemical fertilizer input would be from 973 to 776 in terms of index value and utilization of non-utilized P resource would be more worth for environmental issue.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFood and Environment II
PublisherWITPress
Pages185-194
Number of pages10
Volume170
ISBN (Print)9781845647025
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2nd International Conference on Food and Environment: The Quest for a Sustainable Future, FENV 2013 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 2013 Apr 222013 Apr 24

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Food and Environment: The Quest for a Sustainable Future, FENV 2013
Country/TerritoryHungary
CityBudapest
Period13/4/2213/4/24

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Impact to water in environment
  • Phosphorus
  • Reduced fertilization
  • Self-sufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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