The effects of phenytoin and its major metabolite, 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenylhydantoin (HPPH), on bone resorption of neonatal mouse calvaria were examined in vitro. Both phenytoin and HPPH induced significant bone resorption as compared to the controls after 72 h in culture. This effect may be the cause of phenytoin-induced bone loss in vivo.
- Bone resorption
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