The phase transition of FeI2 is revisited. This material has the hexagonal crystal structure and shows an antiferromagnetic order at TN =9.3K in zero field. When an external magnetic field is applied along the c axis below TN, successive metamagnetic transitions occur. The magnetism of FeI2 has been interpreted based on the further neighbor interaction model on the triangular net. However, the exchange interaction constants derived from the analysis do not seem realistic. We have measured the magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, and specific heat on single crystals of FeI2. From the specific-heat measurement, the temperature versus magnetic field phase diagram is constructed, in which five distinct magnetic phases, namely, the antiferromagnetic and four ferrimagnetic ones, exist. The magnetization measurement reveals that magnetization steps appear at 1 3, 12 25, 13 25 and between 16 25 and 17 25 of the saturation magnetization, Ms =3.5 μB /Fe. Based on an experimental evidence, we argue that a lattice distortion occurs below TN and the exchange interaction between spins on a triangle becomes anisotropic. We discuss the phase transition using the anisotropic triangular lattice model with J1, J2, and J3. From the analysis of the metamagnetic transition fields, we obtain, 2.5< J1 / kB <3.0K, -16.2< J2 / kB <-15.2K, and -16.4< J3 / kB <-14.4K.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Sep 2|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics