Phase structure of two-dimensional topological insulators by lattice strong-coupling expansion

Yasufumi Araki, Taro Kimura

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase structure of two-dimensional topological insulators under a sufficiently strong electron-electron interaction is investigated. The effective theory is constructed by extending the idea of the Kane-Melé model on the graphenelike honeycomb lattice, in terms of U(1) lattice gauge theory (quantum electrodynamics). We analyze the phase structure by the techniques of strong-coupling expansion of lattice gauge theory. As a result, we find that the topological phase structure of the system is modified by the electron-electron interaction. There evolves a new phase with the antiferromagnetism not parallel to the direction pointed by the spin-orbit coupling, in-between the conventional and the topological insulator phases. We also discuss the physical implication of the new phase structure found here, in analogy to the parity-broken phase in lattice quantum chromodynamics, known as the "Aoki phase."

Original languageEnglish
Article number205440
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume87
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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