Phase Relations in the System MgSiO3-Al2O3 up to 2300 K at Lower Mantle Pressures

Zhaodong Liu, Masayuki Nishi, Takayuki Ishii, Hongzhan Fei, Nobuyoshi Miyajima, Tiziana Boffa Ballaran, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Takeshi Sakai, Lin Wang, Svyatoslav Shcheka, Takeshi Arimoto, Yoshinori Tange, Yuji Higo, Tetsuo Irifune, Tomoo Katsura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phase relations in the system MgSiO3-Al2O3 were investigated at pressures of 27–45 GPa and temperatures of 1700, 2000, and 2300 K using sintered diamond and tungsten carbide anvils in a multianvil apparatus. The bulk compositions in the MgSiO3-Al2O3 binary system crystallize a phase assemblage of pyrope and corundum at pressures below 27 GPa and an assemblage of bridgmanite and corundum at pressures above 27 GPa regardless of temperatures. The solubility of Al2O3 in bridgmanite and that of MgSiO3 in corundum increases significantly with increasing temperature. The solubility of Al2O3 in bridgmanite increases from 6.7 mol % at 1700 K to 21.8 mol % at 2500 K under a constant pressure of 27 GPa. Bridgmanite becomes more aluminous with increasing pressure from 27 to 45 GPa at a given temperature. The MgSiO3 content in corundum increases with increasing pressure at pressure lower than 27 GPa, while it decreases at pressure higher than 27 GPa. Our results suggest that bridgmanite can incorporate a considerably higher Al2O3 content than that of the pyrope composition (25 mol % Al2O3). The present study further suggests that the entire Al2O3 component is accommodated into bridgmanite in the pyrolite lower mantle. However, Al2O3 cannot be fully accommodated into bridgmanite in the coldest parts of subducted slabs in the shallow part of the lower mantle, and therefore, additional phases such as MgAl2O4 with calcium ferrite-type structure are necessary to host the excess Al2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7775-7788
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume122
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AlO
  • bridgmanite
  • lower mantle
  • phase relations
  • subducted slabs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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