Phase I/II Clinical Trial of the Anti-Podoplanin Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Dogs with Malignant Melanoma

Satoshi Kamoto, Masahiro Shinada, Daiki Kato, Sho Yoshimoto, Namiko Ikeda, Masaya Tsuboi, Ryohei Yoshitake, Shotaro Eto, Yuko Hashimoto, Yosuke Takahashi, James Chambers, Kazuyuki Uchida, Mika K. Kaneko, Naoki Fujita, Ryohei Nishimura, Yukinari Kato, Takayuki Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Podoplanin (PDPN), a small transmembrane mucin-like glycoprotein, is ectopically expressed on tumor cells. PDPN is known to be linked with several aspects of tumor malignancies in certain types of human and canine tumors. Therefore, it is considered to be a novel therapeutic target. Monoclonal antibodies targeting PDPN expressed in human tumor cells showed obvious anti-tumor effects in preclinical studies using mouse models. Previously, we generated a cancer-specific mouse-dog chimeric anti-PDPN antibody, P38Bf, which specifically recognizes PDPN expressed in canine tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the safety and anti-tumor effects of P38Bf in preclinical and clinical trials. P38Bf showed dose-dependent antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against canine malignant melanoma cells. In a preclinical trial with one healthy dog, P38Bf administration did not induce adverse effects over approximately 2 months. In phase I/II clinical trials of three dogs with malignant melanoma, one dog vomited, and all dogs had increased serum levels of C-reactive protein, although all adverse effects were grade 1 or 2. Severe adverse effects leading to withdrawal of the clinical trial were not observed. Furthermore, one dog had stable disease with P38Bf injections. This is the first reported clinical trial of anti-PDPN antibody therapy using spontaneously occurring canine tumor models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 23

Keywords

  • antibody therapy
  • dog
  • melanoma
  • podoplanin
  • tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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