Phase equilibria in the titanium-iron-oxygen system in the temperature range of 1173 to 1373 K

Satoshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phase relations and the equilibrium partial pressures of oxygen in the titanium-iron-oxygen ternary system have been studied in the temperature range of 1173 to 1373 K by means of a thermogravimetric method in a CO-CO2 gas mixture and X-ray diffraction technique for the quenched samples after the equilibrium experiments. The objective of the present work is both to clarify the relation between the phase relations in the Ti-Fe-O ternary system and the equilibrium partial pressures of oxygen, and to discuss the possibility of upgrading natural ilmenite ore to a rutile substitute for extractive metallurgy of titanium. The results are summarized as follows: The phase diagram and isobars of oxygen in the titanium-iron-oxygen ternary system at 1173, 1273 and 1373 K have been determined. It was found from the present results that upgrading ilmenite (FeTiO3) to a rutile (TiO2) substitute is thermodynamically possible. Both the activities of magnetite and ulvospinel show negative deviations from Raoult's law in the Fe3O4-Fe2TiO4 spinel solid solutions coexisting with metallic iron in the temperature range of 1173 to 1373 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1107-1115
Number of pages9
JournalIsij International
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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