Phase Equilibria Among γ/TCP/GCP Phases in Nb-Poor Region of Ni-Nb-Co Ternary System at Elevated Temperatures

Shuntaro Ida, Ryosuke Yamagata, Hirotoyo Nakashima, Satoru Kobayashi, Masao Takeyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Phase equilibria among the γ-(Ni, Co), topologically close-packed and geometrically close-packed phases in the Ni-Nb-Co ternary system were investigated using x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and electron probe microanalysis for equilibrated bulk alloys at 1100 and 1200 °C. A two-phase equilibrium between the γ (A1) and D0a phases (Ni3Nb) is confirmed to exist on the Ni-rich side with the Ni/(Ni + Co) ratio above ~ 0.8, which agrees well with literature data. The phases in equilibrium with the A1 phase change into a ternary-compound D019 phase ((Ni, Co)3Nb) and an mC18 phase (Co7Nb2) with increasing Co content. The C15 phase (Co2Nb) is not in equilibrium with the A1 phase. The three-phase tie-triangle of the A1/mC18/D019 moves toward the Co-rich side with decreasing temperature at an equivalent Nb concentration, while that of A1/D019/D0a almost remains at the chemical composition of Ni-20Co-20Nb in the temperature range investigated. Because the mC18 phase is in equilibrium with the A1 phase up to 1086 °C in the Co-Nb binary system, Ni addition should stabilize the mC18 phase and expand the mC18 phase region toward high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-582
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Geometrically close-packed phase
  • Ni-Nb-Co ternary system
  • Phase equilibria
  • Topologically close-packed phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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