Phase diagram for the system CaO-Al 2O 3-ZrO 2

Taichimurakami, Hiroyuki Fukuyama, Tsunechika Kishida, Masahiro Susa, Kazuhiro Nagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Phase equilibria in the system CaO-Al 2O 3-ZrO 2 were studied to optimize nozzle composition for tundishes that are used in continuous casters of steel, by identifying the composition that minimizes clogging. Mixtures of CaO, Al 2O 3, and ZrO 2 with various compositions were equilibrated at 1873 and 1773 K and then quenched into water. X-ray diffraction analysis was used for phase identification, and electron probe microanalysis was employed to measure chemical compositions. On the basis of these and previous results, the eutectic and peritectic lines have been estimated. Based on the phase diagram, the optimal nozzle composition is CaO-saturated CaZrO 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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