Phase and microstructural evolution of Ir-Si binary alloys with fcc/silicide structure

J. B. Sha, Y. Yamabe-Mitarai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


To search hardening approach or new probable phases benefiting to high temperature behavior of Ir-based superalloys, Ir alloyed with Si was employed. Investigations on phase and microstructural evolution of a series of Ir-xSi (x=2.5, 5, 15, 20, 30, 36 and 45 mol%) binary alloys were carried out by XRD, EPMA and SEM analysis. A schematic plot of the Ir-Si binary diagram with the nominal Si content ranging from 0 to 50 mol% was primarily drafted. Room temperature mechanical properties, the Vicker hardness and Young's modulus, of bulk material or each kind of phases were also measured. Researches reveal that with Si addition up to 50 mol%, the microstructures are respectively composed of primary Ir solid solution fcc+peritectic Ir3Si silicide (nominal Si content: 0-25 mol%), primary Ir3Si+eutectoid silicide (Si: 25-33.3 mol%), Ir3Si2+eutectoid silicide (Si: 33.3-40 mol%) and primary IrSi+Ir3Si2 silicide (Si: 40-50 mol%). With plastic characteristic, the fcc phase has the low Vickers hardness and Young's modulus, while both of the silicides are high and the silicides behave brittle. For the high temperature applications over 1400 °C, Ir-based alloys with Si dropping must avoid the appearance of any kind of Ir/Si silicides in microstructure because the melting points of silicides (Ir3Si, Ir2Si and Ir3Si2) are close to 1400 °C; instead, solid solution hardening on Ir by Si is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-684
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes


  • A. Multiphase intermetallics
  • B. Phase diagram
  • C. Mechanical properties at ambient temperature
  • D. Microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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