Pharmacological properties of pteleprenine, a quinoline alkaloid extracted from Orixa japonica, on guinea-pig ileum and canine left atrium

Kazuhiko Seya, Izumi Miki, Kiyoshi Murata, Hisae Junke, Shigeru Motomura, Tsutomu Araki, Yasuto Itoyama, Yoshiteru Oshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated the pharmacological properties of pteleprenine, a quinoline alkaloid, on contractile responses of the guinea-pig ileum and on inotropic responses of the canine left atrium. Although pteleprenine (0.1-1 μM) had no effect on the contraction of the ileum induced by acetylcholine at 10 μM it significantly inhibited acetylcholine-induced contraction of the ileum. Pteleprenine (0.1-10 μM) reduced nicotine induced-contraction of the ileum in a concentration-dependent manner yet had no maximum relaxant effect even at a concentration of 10 μM. From Schild analysis the pA2 of pteleprenine on the guinea-pig ileum was found to be 6.6. The contraction of the ileum induced by 10 μM 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium, a specific agonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, was concentration-dependently suppressed by 10 nM-10 μM pteleprenine. In contrast, 0.1-10 μM pteleprenine did not antagonize the acetylcholine- and nicotine-induced negative inotropic contractile responses of the canine left atrium. These results show that pteleprenine has inhibitory action against nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the guinea-pig ileum but not in the canine left atrium. Our findings also suggest that pteleprenine might be a novel lead compound as a nicotinic receptor antagonist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-807
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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