Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Subcutaneous Sarilumab and Intravenous Tocilizumab Following Single-Dose Administration in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis on Stable Methotrexate

Anne J. Paccaly, Pavel Kovalenko, Janie Parrino, Anita Boyapati, Christine Xu, Hubert van Hoogstraten, Tomonori Ishii, John D. Davis, A. Thomas DiCioccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We assessed pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and PK/PD relationships of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble IL-6 receptor, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) in blood following single doses of subcutaneous sarilumab versus intravenous tocilizumab (NCT02097524) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who are inadequate responders to methotrexate (MTX) and on a stable dose of MTX. Patients with RA randomized (1:1:1:1) to single-dose sarilumab (150 or 200 mg subcutaneously) or tocilizumab (4 or 8 mg/kg intravenously) were included (n = 101), and PK, PD, and PK/PD relationships and safety were assessed over 6 weeks postdose. PK profiles for both drugs are described by parallel linear and nonlinear target-mediated clearance pathways. PD markers showed similar onset of effect during the first week postdose, regardless of dose or route of administration. CRP and ANC decreased, with median postdose nadirs at 7-15 days for CRP and 3-5 days for ANC. Both drugs at low and high doses achieved the same nadir for ANC and a similar return toward baseline within 2 weeks postdose, suggesting a saturation of effect. Safety profiles of sarilumab and tocilizumab were generally similar. In conclusion, despite differences in PK, the onset of the decrease in CRP (efficacy) and ANC (safety) after a single dose were similar for subcutaneous sarilumab and intravenous tocilizumab. PD effects and safety were consistent with previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-104
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Keywords

  • C-reactive protein
  • interleukin-6
  • neutrophils
  • pharmacokinetics
  • sarilumab
  • tocilizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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