Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Conventional and Slow Release Forms of Nifedipine in Essential Hypertensive Patients

Yutaka Imai, Keishi Abe, Shuichi Sasaki, Minoru Nihei, Kaoru Yoshinaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In patients with essential hypertension, the pharmacokinetics of nifedipine in 2 forms (capsule, 10 mg nifedipine dissolved in an organic solvent; slow release tablet, 20 mg nifedipine) and their pharmacodynamic effectiveness on arterial pressure were studied. The maximum plasma concentration was higher and achieved more rapidly after application of the capsule than after the retard tablet (p<0.0l). The plasma half-time of nifedipine in the capsule was shorter than that in the retard tablet (p<0.05). The absorption rate of nifedipine from the capsule tended to be larger than that from the retard tablet. Plasma concentrations of nifedipine, measured 12 hr after the dosing of the retard tablet during chronic treatment, were not different from those after the acute administration of the retard tablet, suggesting that no accumulation of nifedipine occurs. The capsule of nifedipine elicited prompt and profound hypotension with short duration, while the retard tablet produced a hypotensive effect with relatively slow onset and long duration. Arterial pressure reduction was maintained throughout the day using 12 hourly dose of the retard tablet. During the chronic treatment the maximum hypotensive effect was observed 4 weeks after the start of treatment. Twelve hourly administration of the retard tablet is a convenient regimen for the long-term control of mild to severe essential hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-438
Number of pages18
Journalthe tohoku journal of experimental medicine
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

Keywords

  • antihypertensive therapy
  • conventional form
  • essential hypertension
  • nifedipine
  • slow release form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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