Phage conversion of Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Staphylococcus aureus: Molecular analysis of a PVL-converting phage, φSLT

Sachiko Narita, Jun Kaneko, Jun ichi Chiba, Yves Piémont, Sophie Jarraud, Jerome Etienne, Yoshiyuki Kamio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylococcal Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is an important virulence factor, which causes leukocytolysis and tissue necrosis. Our previous report on the existence of the PVL genes (lukS-PV and lukF-PV) on the genome of prophage φPVL in the Staphylococcus aureus strain V8 suggested the horizontal transmission of PVL genes by temperate bacteriophage among S. aureus (Kaneko, et al., 1998. Gene 215, 57-67). Here, we demonstrated the phage conversion of S. aureus leading to the production of PVL by discovery of a novel PVL-carrying phage, φSLT (Staphylococcal Leukocytolytic Toxin) from a clinical isolate of S. aureus. φSLT was able to lysogenize several clinical isolates of PVL-negative S. aureus strains as well as strain RN4220 at the conserved 29-bp sequence (attB) and all the lysogenized S. aureus strains had the ability to produce PVL. φSLT had an elongated head of about 100 × 50 nm and a flexible tail of 400 nm long, that was quite different from φPVL which had an isometric hexagonal head of about 60 nm diameter. The linear double-stranded φSLT genome comprised 42,942 bp with 29-bp attachment core sequences and contained 62 open reading frames. Only 6.4 kbp region containing lysis cassette, PVL genes, attP, integrase, and orf204 of φSLT was identical to that of φPVL, while other regions were different from those of φPVL. Thus, it can be concluded that PVL genes are carried by different temperate phages, which have the same attachment site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
Number of pages12
JournalGene
Volume268
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 May 2
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bi-component toxin
  • Panton-Valentine leukocidin
  • Phage conversion
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Temperate phage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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