Previous studies have shown that Peyer's patches (PP) are not required for intestinal immunoglobulin A (IgA) responses to orally administered soluble protein. However, the roles of PP in regulation of mucosal immune responses against bacterial antigen remain to be clarified. In the present study, we generated several gut-associated lymphoreticular tissue-null mice by treatment with anti-interleukin-7 receptor antibody, the fusion protein of lymphotoxin β receptor and IgG Fc, and/or tumor necrosis factor receptor p55 and IgG Fc. These mice were then immunized with recombinant Salmonella expressing the C fragment of the tetanus toxin (rSalmonella-Tox C). Orally immunized PP-null mice as well as isolated lymphoid follicle (ILF)-null, PP/ILF-null, and PP/ILF/mesenteric lymph node-null mice induced identical levels of tetanus toxoid (TT)-specific systemic IgG responses to those of control mice. However, PP-null mice, but not ILF-null mice, failed to induce TT-specific intestinal IgA antibodies. Analysis of TT-specific CD4+ T-cell responses showed a reduction of gamma interferon (IFN-γ) synthesis in the intestinal lamina propriae of PP-null mice given oral rSalmonella-Tox C. In contrast, TT-specific IFN-γ responses in the spleen and delayed-type hypersensitivity responses were intact in those immunized mice. Interestingly, Salmonella lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-specific fecal IgA responses were not elicited in PP-null mice, while serum IgG anti-LPS antibodies were identical to those of control mice. These results suggest that while none of the gut-associated lymphoreticular tissues are required for the induction of systemic immune responses, PP are an essential lymphoid tissue for induction and regulation of intestinal IgA immunity against orally administered rSalmonella.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases