Petit-spot as definitive evidence for partial melting in the asthenosphere caused by CO 2

Shiki Machida, Tetsu Kogiso, Naoto Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The deep carbon cycle plays an important role on the chemical differentiation and physical properties of the Earth's mantle. Especially in the asthenosphere, seismic low-velocity and high electrical conductivity due to carbon dioxide (CO 2)-induced partial melting are expected but not directly observed. Here we discuss the experimental results relevant to the genesis of primitive CO 2-rich alkali magma forming petit-spot volcanoes at the deformation front of the outer rise of the northwestern Pacific plate. The results suggest that primitive melt last equilibrated with depleted peridotite at 1.8-2.1 GPa and 1,280-1,290 °C. Although the equilibration pressure corresponds to the pressure of the lower lithosphere, by considering an equilibration temperature higher than the solidus in the volatile-peridotite system along with the temperature of the lower lithosphere, we conclude that CO 2-rich silicate melt is always produced in the asthenosphere. The melt subsequently ascends into and equilibrates with the lower lithosphere before eruption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14302
JournalNature communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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