Peroxide-based route free from halides for the synthesis of lead titanate powder

E. R. Camargo, M. Kakihana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PbTiO3 has been successfully synthesized at reduced temperatures (500-700°C) using neither organics (including alkoxides) nor undesirable halides. Water-soluble peroxytitanic complexes [Ti(OH)3O2]- were prepared by the reaction between titanium metal and hydrogen peroxide at pH = 11. A solution of lead nitrate was added to the peroxytitanic acid solution and an amorphous precipitate of lead and titanium was formed, which was filtered and washed to eliminate the nitrate ion. The precipitate was calcined between 200 and 700°C in a closed alumina boat. The precipitate was characterized by ICP, TG, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, and SEM, and the calcined lead titanate was characterized by BET, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, and SEM. The amorphous precipitate showed a small weight loss (11.45%). Powders calcined at temperatures higher than 500°C showed pure tetragonal PbTiO3 perovskite phase on the XRD patterns and Raman spectra and a large surface area in the range of 6-22 m2 g-1. The average diameter of the particles was calculated from the SEM image as 100 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181-1184
Number of pages4
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sep 21
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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