The aim of the study was to investigate the characteristics of PD-related peritonitis caused by gram-negative bacteria (GNP). We retrospectively studied the medical records of 164 patients (114 males, 50 females; mean age 46 +/- 15 years) who continued PD beyond 5 months between 1984 and 1998. The average observation time was 40 +/- 28 months (total of 6609 patient-months). A total of 166 episodes of peritonitis occurred during that time (mean incidence: 1 episode/40 patient-months). Of these, 35 were GNPs, and GNP incidence stayed almost constant over time. Most GNP patients (63%) recovered without complication with an average of 14 days' antibiotic treatment. In only 4 cases was PD abandoned. Clinical features of GNP were similar to those of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). The unchanged incidence of GNP over time with advanced connection devices suggests that there are important mechanisms promoting micro-organisms of endogenous origin into the peritoneal cavity in PD patients.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
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