Periostin is a negative regulator of mineralization in the dental pulp tissue

Mengu Zhou, Nobuyuki Kawashima, Noriyuki Suzuk, Mioko Yamamoto, Kayoko Ohnishi, Ken ichi Katsube, Hideyuki Tanabe, Akira Kudo, Masahiro Saito, Hideaki Suda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dental pulp tissue is encased in hard tissue and surrounded by hard tissue-forming cells, but remains in a non-mineralized state itself, suggesting the presence of regulatory mechanisms precluding pulp mineralization. This study aimed to reveal the regulatory function of periostin (Postn), which is essential for osteoblast differentiation, for odontoblast differentiation/mineralization. We evaluated the effects of Postn overexpression and RNAi-mediated suppression in mouse dental papilla cells (MDPs) on the expression of odontoblastic markers and Notch signaling molecules, and on the formation of mineralized nodules. Localization of Postn in the dental pulp tissue of normal and cavity-prepared molars was observed immunohistologically. Enforced overexpression of Postn in MDPs induced down-regulation of odontoblastic markers and in vitro mineralization. Conversely, silencing of Postn mRNA in MDPs induced up-regulation of odontoblastic markers and ALP activity. Up- and down-regulation of Postn caused increased and decreased expression, respectively, of Notch signaling molecules. Postn expression was minimal in normal dental pulp, but was rapidly and globally increased in the whole pulp tissue of molar teeth at 1 day after cavity preparation, decreasing thereafter. These results indicate that Postn may be a negative regulator of odontoblast differentiation/mineralization, and that may exert its actions via Notch signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-159
Number of pages8
JournalOdontology
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 27

Keywords

  • Dental pulp cell
  • Dental pulp tissue
  • Mineralization
  • Notch signal
  • Periostin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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