Periodontal tissue regeneration using fibroblast growth factor -2: Randomized controlled phase II clinical trial

Masahiro Kitamura, Keisuke Nakashima, Yusuke Kowashi, Takeo Fujii, Hidetoshi Shimauchi, Takashi Sasano, Toshi Furuuchi, Mitsuo Fukuda, Toshihide Noguchi, Toshiaki Shibutani, Yukio Iwayama, Shogo Takashiba, Hidemi Kurihara, Masami Ninomiya, Jun Ichi Kido, Toshihiko Nogata, Takafumi Hamachi, Katsumasa Maeda, Yoshitaka Hara, Yuichi IzumiTakao Hirofuji, Enyu Imai, Masatoshi Omae, Mitsuru Watanuki, Shinya Murakami

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124 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The options for medical use of signaling molecules as stimulators of tissue regeneration are currently limited. Preclinical evidence suggests that fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 can promote periodontal regeneration. This study aimed to clarify the activity of FGF-2 in stimulating regeneration of periodontal tissue lost by periodontitis and to evaluate the safety of such stimulation. Methodology/Principal Findings: We used recombinant human FGF-2 with 3% hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) as vehicle and conducted a randomized double-blinded controlled trial involving 13 facilities. Subjects comprised 74 patients displaying a 2- or 3-walled vertical bone defect as measured ≥3 mm apical to the bone crest. Patients were randomly assigned to 4 groups: Group P, given HPC with no FGF-2; Group L, given HPC containing 0.03% FGF-2; Group M, given HPC cotaining 0.1% FGF-2; and Group H, given HPC Containing 0.3% FGF-2. Each patient underwent flap operation during which we administered 200 μL of the appropriate investigational drug to the bone defect. Before and for 36 weeks following administration, patients underwent periodontal tissue inspections and standardized radiography of the region under investigation. As a result, a significant difference (p = 0.021) in rate of increase in alveolar bone height was identified between Group P (23.92%) and Group H (58.62%) at 36 weeks. The linear increase in alveolar bone height at 36 weeks in Group P and H was 0.95 mm and 1.85 mm, respectively (p = 0.132). No serious adverse events attribute to the investigational drug were identified. Conclusions: Although no statistically significant differences were noted for gains in clinical attachment level and alveolar bone gain for FGF-2 groups versus Group P, the significant difference in rate of increase in alveolar bone height (p = 0.021) between Groups P and H at 36 weeks suggests that some efficacy could be expected from FGF-2 in stimulating regeneration of periodontal tissue in patients with periodontitis. Copyright:

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2611
JournalPloS one
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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