Periodic micron-size flux pinning centers on superconducting Nb films by lithographic techniques

H. Yamada, N. Harada, T. Iwamoto, M. Tsuda, T. Hamajima

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


It is well known that artificial pinning centers in NbTi filaments are effective for improvement of superconductor performances. In order to develop the artificial pinning centers applying to a high temperature superconductor (HTS) like Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 thin tape, we proposed groove and hole patterns on the HTS tape. As first step, we formed periodical grooves and holes on Nb films instead of the HTS to establish a fabrication technique and to demonstrate performances of the artificial pinning centers. The groove and hole patterns with 4 μ m periodical intervals and 0.6 to 0.9 μ m in depth were projected and etched on the film with a photolithographic technique. The properties of the fabricated Nb films with the patterns were measured with a SQUID magnetometer. The Nb films with the patterns have critical temperature around 9.3 K and upper critical field of 0.45-0.5 T. The measured magnetizations of the Nb films with the patterns were larger than those of the films without the patterns. It was, moreover, observed that the pinning forces were resonated at applied magnetic field matching with flux lattice spacing at 9.10-9.15 K close to the critical temperature. These results demonstrate that the groove and hole patterns on the Nb films are useful for the improvement of pinning force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3816-3819
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number1 III
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Mar
Externally publishedYes
Event2000 Applied Superconductivity Conference - Virginia Beach, VA, United States
Duration: 2000 Sep 172000 Sep 22


  • Magnetic measurements
  • Photolithography
  • Superconducting film
  • Superconducting materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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