Periodic fluctuation of Ba/Nd ratio in single crystals of high-Jc NdBa2Cu3O7-δ superconductor

Tsukasa Hirayama, Yuichi Ikuhara, Masaru Nakamura, Yasuji Yamada, Yuh Shiohara

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    44 Citations (Scopus)


    A single crystal of NdBa2Cu3O7-δ was synthesized by the Top Seeded Solution Growth method (TSSG method). Then, the crystal was heat-treated 500 °C for 400 h and then 340 °C for 200 h in a pure oxygen gas flow. This sample showed critical current density (Jc) as high as 15,000 A/cm2 under a magnetic field, of 5 T, applied along the c-axis of the crystal. Electron microscopic studies with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) have revealed that the Ba/Nd ratio fluctuates between 2.0 and 0.7 with a wavelength of a few tens of nanometer. This implies that superconducting phase of Nd1.0Ba2.0Cu3O7-δ and nonsuperconducting phase of Nd1.8Ba1.2Cu3O7-δ mingle with each other, which is the ideal structure for high-Jc superconducting material.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-295
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of Materials Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1997 Feb

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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