Peptide array-based characterization and design of ZnO-high affinity peptides

Mina Okochi, Tomoya Sugita, Seiji Furusawa, Mitsuo Umetsu, Tadafumi Adschiri, Hiroyuki Honda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptides with both an affinity for ZnO and the ability to generate ZnO nanoparticles have attracted attention for the self-assembly and templating of nanoscale building blocks under ambient conditions with compositional uniformity. In this study, we have analyzed the specific binding sites of the ZnO-binding peptide, EAHVMHKVAPRP, which was identified using a phage display peptide library. The peptide binding assay against ZnO nanoparticles was performed using peptides synthesized on a cellulose membrane using the spot method. Using randomized rotation of amino acids in the ZnO-binding peptide, 125 spot-synthesized peptides were assayed. The peptide binding activity against ZnO nanoparticles varied greatly. This indicates that ZnO binding does not depend on total hydrophobicity or other physical parameters of these peptides, but rather that ZnO recognizes the specific amino acid alignment of these peptides. In addition, several peptides were found to show higher binding ability compared with that of the original peptides. Identification of important binding sites in the EAHVMHKVAPRP peptide was investigated by shortened, stepwise sequence from both termini. Interestingly, two ZnO-binding sites were found as 6-mer peptides: HVMHKV and HKVAPR. The peptides identified by amino acid substitution of HKVAPR were found to show high affinity and specificity for ZnO nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-851
Number of pages7
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug 15

Keywords

  • Peptide array
  • Spot synthesis
  • ZnO
  • ZnO-binding peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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