Pedestrian simulation taking into account stochastic route choice and multidirectional flow

Miho Asano, Masao Kuwahara, Agachai Sumalee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter proposes a framework for a dynamic pedestrian model taking into account strategic route choice decisions and multi-directional flow propagation. In an open space, a large number of possible trajectories for pedestrians can be defined. However, psychologically, these trajectories are not necessarily considered as distinct routes in the route choice decision of the pedestrians. In the study described herein, pedestrians are assumed to choose a series of consecutive sub-areas to traverse along at first level. Subsequently, the model allocates the actual flows on each trajectory based up on an assumption of dynamic user optimum (DUO). By combining these two stages of flow allocation, the model assumes a hierarchical decision of a pedestrian’s route choice. This chapter thus presents the adoption of a modified cell-transmission model (CTM) to represent the physical phenomena of congestion and dynamical propagation of pedestrian flows. A key difference between this model and the original CTM is the multi-directional congestion due to the nature of the pedestrian flows. An approach has thus been proposed to extend the analysis in the original CTM to consider multi-directional movement. The contribution also applies the proposed model to two test cases in order to illustrate its applicability and plausibility.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransport Simulation
Subtitle of host publicationBeyond Traditional Approaches
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781439808016
ISBN (Print)9781420095098
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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