PDF orientations in shocked quartz grains around the Chicxulub crater

Yoichiro Nakano, Kazuhisa Goto, Takafumi Matsui, Ryuji Tada, Eiichi Tajika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured 852 sets of planar deformation features (PDFs) in shocked quartz grains in impactite samples of the Yaxcopoil (YAX-1) core and from 4 Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary deposits: the Monaca, the Cacarajícara, and the Peñalver formations in Cuba, and DSDP site 536, within 800 km of the Chicxulub crater, in order to investigate variations of PDF orientations in the proximity of the crater. Orientations of PDFs show a broad distribution with peaks at ω {1013}, π {1012}, and ξ {1112}, plus r, z {1011} orientations with minor c(0001), s{1121}, t{2241} plus x{5161}, and m{1010} plus a{1120} orientations. Planar deformation features with c(0001) orientation are relatively more abundant in the proximity of the Chicxulub crater than in distal sites such as North America, the Pacific Ocean, and Europe. This feature indicates that in the proximity of the crater, part of the shocked quartz grains in the K/T boundary deposits were derived from the low shock pressure zones. Moreover, the orientations of PDFs with ξ {1122} plus r, z {1011} are high in our studied sites, and frequencies of these orientations decrease with increasing distance from the crater. On the other hand, absence of c(0001) and the rare occurrence of PDFs with ξ {1122} plus r, z {1011} orientations in the sample from the YAX-1 core that was taken at the top of the impactite layer of the Chicxulub crater suggests that the sampling horizon that reflects a certain cratering stage is also an important factor for variations in shocked quartz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-760
Number of pages16
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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