Patterns and trends of educational assortative marriages in South Korea and Japan among 1930s-1970s birth cohorts

Moonju Seong, Yoshimichi Sato

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Studies have shown that Confucian societies exhibit the highest incidences of educational homogamy compared with societies in which other religions such as Protestantism and Catholicism are predominant influences. Extending previous research, we aim to elucidate concrete educational homogamy patterns and trends by focusing specifically on two Confucian societies: South Korea (hereafter Korea) and Japan. Based on the 2000 Korean Census and the 2004 Japanese Family Research Survey, we observed that the level of homogamy was higher for Korea. We also found that women tended to marry men with higher educational attainment than themselves. This variety of gender asymmetric marriage was stronger for Korean couples compared with Japanese couples. Regarding trends for the four birth cohorts (1930s-1970s), no systematic trend was observed. We conclude that educational assortative marriage patterns are similar in Korea and Japan, but that the extent of homogamy and hypergamy are different. We suggest that differences in educational structures and partner preferences may lead to the variations observed in these two neighboring societies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number77153
    JournalIndian Journal of Science and Technology
    Volume8
    Issue number19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

    Keywords

    • Educational assortative marriage
    • Homogamy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Wife-hypergamy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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