Patterning processes in aggregates of hydra cells visualized with the monoclonal antibody, TS19

Mika Sato, Hans R. Bode, Yasuji Sawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The monoclonal antibody, TS19, (Heimfeld et al. 1985), labels the apical surface of ectodermal epithelial cells of tentacles and lower peduncles in Hydra. To investigate the patterning process in a tissue whose original pattern was completely destroyed, the TS19 staining pattern was examined in developing aggregates of Hydra cells. Two types of aggregates were prepared. G-aggregates were made from tissue of the gastric portion of animals and RG-aggregates from gastric tissue allowed to regenerate for 24 hr before making aggregates. G-aggregates were initially TS19-negative, and later dim and uniformly TS19-positive. Thereafter, TS19 staining broke up into brightly stained and unstained regions. The brightly staining regions developed into head or foot structures. The TS19 pattern in RG-aggregates developed differently. Since the initial aggregates contained cells of regenerating tips, they started with TS19-positive cells as well as TS19-negative cells. The numbers of brightly staining TS19-positive cells increased with time. Some patches of these cells developed into head or foot structures, while others did not. These results and a simulation using a reaction-diffusion model suggest that the changes in activation levels affected the temporal changes in the pattern of TS19 staining, and that the de novo pattern formation in hydra can be explained in terms of a process involving activation and inhibition properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-420
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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