Pattern formation of flames in radial microchannels with lean methane-air mixtures

Sudarshan Kumar, Kaoru Maruta, S. Minaev

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Premixed methane-air mixture is introduced at the center of two parallel circular quartz plates separated by a millimeter scale distance (≤5 mm). Two plates are heated with an external heater to create a positive temperature gradient condition along the flow direction. The combustion characteristics of lean methane-air mixtures are investigated at □=0.67 and □=0.85 in the laminar flow regime (Re∼500-1800). Contrary to the general perception of a stable premixed flame front at a radial location, a large variety of unstable and dynamic flame front patterns are observed at □=0.67. At □=0.85, stable flame propagation mode dominated the regime diagram and unstable flame propagation modes are observed under limited conditions. In these unstable flame propagation modes, single and multiple flame fronts rotate around the center at a rate of 15-50 Hz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016208
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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