Pathophysiology and treatment of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome

Masahiro Tachi, Shinichi Hirabayashi, Harumi Harada, Takeki Nishio

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We have recently encountered three cases of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, each of which had a different cause. All the patients had inflammation of soft tissue in the lower extremities, and developed shock and multiple organ failure immediately after the clinical visit. The inflammation of soft tissue was necrotising fasciitis in one case, myositis in one case, and phlegmon in one. In the first case the debridement was incomplete, which resulted in an extensive ulceration. Wary of repeating this experience, we made an early diagnosis and did a thorough debridement in the second case. The patient was ultimately discharged without complications. It is rare that a patient with extensive myositis survives without amputation of the extremity. The third patient responded well to early treatment with antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-308
Number of pages4
JournalScandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 3
Externally publishedYes


  • Myositis
  • Necrotising fasciitis
  • Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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