Pathological progression of genetic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease with a PrP V180I mutation

Akio Akagi, Yasushi Iwasaki, Maya Mimuro, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Masahito Yamada, Mari Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In comparison to sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (sCJD) with MM1-type and MM2- cortical (MM2C)-type, genetic CJD with a prion protein gene V180I mutation (V180I gCJD) is clinically characterized by onset at an older age, slower progress, and the absence of visual disturbances or cerebellar symptoms. In terms of pathological characteristics, gliosis and neuronal loss are generally milder in degree, and characteristic spongiform change can be observed at both the early and advanced stages. However, little is known on the progress of spongiform change over time or its mechanisms. In this study, to elucidate the pathological course of V180I gCJD, statistical analysis of the size and dispersion of the major diameters of vacuoles in six V180I gCJD cases was performed, with five MM1-type sCJD and MM2C-type sCJD cases as controls. As a result, V180I gCJD showed no significant difference in vacuolar diameter regardless of disease duration. In addition, the dispersion of the major diameters of vacuoles in V180I gCJD was larger than that in the MM1-type, which was smaller than that in the MM2C-type. We speculated that the absence of difference in the size of the vacuoles regardless of disease duration suggests that tissue rarefaction does not result from the expansion of vacuole size and increase in number of vacuoles in V180Ig CJD. These features were considered to be significant pathological findings of V180I gCJD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalPrion
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 2

Keywords

  • Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
  • V180I mutation
  • genetic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
  • neuropathology
  • prion protein
  • spongiform change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pathological progression of genetic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease with a PrP V180I mutation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this