This work presents a navigational approach that takes into consideration the perception of comfort by a human passenger. Comfort is the state of being at ease and free from stress; thus, comfortable navigation is a ride that, in addition to being safe, is perceived by the passenger as being free from anxiety and stress. This study considers how to compute passenger comfortable paths. To compute such paths, passenger discomfort is studied in locations with good visibility and those with no visibility. In locations with good visibility, passenger preference to ride in the road is studied. For locations with non-visible areas, the relationship between passenger visibility and discomfort is studied. Autonomous-navigation experiments are performed to build a map of human discomfort that is used to compute global paths. A path planner is proposed that minimizes a three-variable cost function: location discomfort cost, area visibility cost, and path length cost. Planner parameters are calibrated toward a composite trajectory histogram built with data taken from participant self-driving trajectories. Finally, autonomous navigation experiments with 30 participants show that the proposed approach is rated as more comfortable than the state-of-the-art shortest planner approach.
- Autonomous navigation
- Human comfort
- Human factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications