## Abstract

Assume that each vertex of a graph G is either a supply vertex or a demand vertex and is assigned a positive integer, called a supply or a demand. Each demand vertex can receive "power" from at most one supply vertex through edges in G. One thus wishes to partition G into connected components by deleting edges from G so that each component C has exactly one supply vertex whose supply is no less than the sum of demands of all demand vertices in C. If G does not have such a partition, one wishes to partition G into connected components so that each component C either has no supply vertex or has exactly one supply vertex whose supply is no less than the sum of demands in C, and wishes to maximize the sum of demands in all components with supply vertices. We deal with such a maximization problem, which is NP-hard even for trees and strongly NP-hard for general graphs. In this paper, we show that the problem can be solved in pseudo-polynomial time for series-parallel graphs and partial k-trees-that is, graphs with bounded tree-width.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 2620-2633 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Discrete Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 157 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2009 Jun 28 |

## Keywords

- Demand
- Graph partition problem
- Partial k-tree
- Series-parallel graph
- Supply

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Applied Mathematics