Parametric mapping of cerebral blood flow deficits in Alzheimer's disease: A SPECT study using HMPAO and Image Standardization Technique

Muhammad Babar Imran, Ryuta Kawashima, Shuichi Awata, Kazunori Sato, Shigeo Kinomura, Shuichi Ono, Seiro Yoshioka, Mitsumoto Sato, Hiroshi Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed the accuracy and reliability of Automated Image Registration (AIR) for standardization of brain SPECT images of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Standardized cerebral blood flow (CBF) images of patients with AD and control subjects were then used for group comparison and covariance analyses. Methods: Thirteen patients with AD at an early stage (age 69.8 ± 7.1 y, Clinical Dementia Rating Score 0.5-1.0, Mini-Mental State Examination score 19-23) and 20 age-matched normal subjects (age 69.5 ± 8.3 y) participated in this study. 99mTc-hexamethyl propylenamine oxime (HMPAO) brain SPECT and CT scans were acquired for each subject. SPECT images were transformed to a standard size and shape with the help of AIR. Accuracy of AIR for spatial normalization was evaluated by an index calculated on SPECT images. Anatomical variability of standardized target images was evaluated by measurements on corresponding CT scans, spatially normalized using transformations established by the SPECT images. Realigned brain SPECT images of patients and controls were used for group comparison with the help of statistical parameter mapping. Significant differences were displayed on the respective voxel to generate three-dimensional Z maps, CT scans of individual subjects were evaluated by a computer program for brain atrophy. Voxel-based covariance analysis was performed on standardized images with ages and atrophy indices as independent variables. Results: Inaccuracy assessed by functional data was 2.3%. The maximum anatomical variability was 4.9 mm after standardization. Z maps showed significantly decreased regional CBF (rCBF) in the frontal, parietal and temporal regions in the patient group (P < 0.001). Covariance analysis revealed that the effects of aging on rCBF were more pronounced compared with atrophy, especially in intact cortical areas at an early stage of AD. Decrease in rCBF was partly due to senility and atrophy, however these two factors cannot explain all the deficits. Conclusion: AIR can transform SPECT images of AD patients with acceptable accuracy without any need for corresponding structural images. The frontal regions of the brain, in addition to parietal and temporal lobes, may show reduced CBF in patients with AD even at an early stage of dementia. The reduced rCBF in the cortical regions cannot be explained entirely by advanced atrophy and fast aging process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-249
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume40
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Automated image registration
  • Image standardization
  • Tc-hexamethyl propylenamine oxime SPECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parametric mapping of cerebral blood flow deficits in Alzheimer's disease: A SPECT study using HMPAO and Image Standardization Technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this