p63/p51-induced onset of keratinocyte differentiation via the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway is counteracted by keratinocyte growth factor

Eisaku Ogawa, Ryuhei Okuyama, Teie Egawa, Hirokazu Nagoshi, Masuo Obinata, Hachiro Tagami, Shuntaro Ikawa, Setsuya Aiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

p63/p51, a homolog of the tumor suppressor protein p53, is chiefly expressed in epithelial tissues, including the epidermis. p63 affects cell death similar to p53, and also plays important roles in the development of epithelial tissues and the maintenance of epithelial stem cells. Because it remains unclear how p63 regulates epithelial cell differentiation, we examined the function(s) of p63 in keratinocyte differentiation through the use of a keratinocyte culture system. ΔNp63α (ΔNp51B), a p63 isoform specifically expressed in basal keratinocytes, suppressed the differentiation of specific late-stage proteins, such as filaggrin and loricrin. In contrast, ΔNp63α induced keratin 1 (K1), which is expressed at the start of differentiation, via c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/AP-1 activation. However, p63 did not induce K1 expression in the basal layer in vivo, although basal keratinocytes had high levels of p63. This discrepancy was explained by the suppression of K1 expression by dermis-secreted keratinocyte growth factor. This suppression occurred via extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) signaling, and counteracted the p63-mediated induction of K1. Thus, a precise balance between p63 and keratinocyte growth factor mediates the onset of epithelial cell differentiation, through JNK and ERK signaling. These data may provide mechanistic explanations for the pathological features of skin diseases, including psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34241-34249
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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