P53 Mutation suppresses adult neurogenesis in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes)

Yasuko Isoe, Teruhiro Okuyama, Yoshihito Taniguchi, Takeo Kubo, Hideaki Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tumor suppressor p53 negatively regulates self-renewal of neural stem cells in the adult murine brain. Here, we report that the p53 null mutation in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) suppressed neurogenesis in the telencephalon, independent of cell death. By using 5-bromo-29-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry, we identified 18 proliferation zones in the brains of young medaka fish; in situ hybridization showed that p53 was expressed selectively in at least 12 proliferation zones. We also compared the number of BrdU-positive cells present in the whole telencephalon of wild-type (WT) and p53 mutant fish. Immediately after BrdU exposure, the number of BrdU-positive cells did not differ significantly between them. One week after BrdU-exposure, the BrdU-positive cells migrated from the proliferation zone, which was accompanied by an increased number in the WT brain. In contrast, no significant increase was observed in the p53 mutant brain. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (dUTP) nick end-labeling revealed that there was no significant difference in the number of apoptotic cells in the telencephalon of p53 mutant and WT medaka, suggesting that the decreased number of BrdU-positive cells in the mutant may be due to the suppression of proliferation rather than the enhancement of neural cell death. These results suggest that p53 positively regulates neurogenesis via cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-631
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume423
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 13
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult neurogenesis
  • Neuroblasts
  • P53
  • Progenitor cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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